Many people have heard the term School Based Management (SBM) and would like to know what it means and what are the benefits. This SBM program is going to be implemented in 20 conventional and religious (Madrasah) primary and junior secondary schools in each of the MBE districts. It is our hope that if this program is successful it can be disseminated to all the schools in each district.
Why School Based Management?
The main aim of School Based Management is to raise the quality of education. With school based management it is no longer necessary for schools and communities to wait for orders from above. They can develop a vision of education suited to local circumstances and implement the vision by themselves.
What is School Based Management?
To support School Based Management the allocation of funding to school should be increased and these resources can be used by the school to fulfil its own needs.
The school has a greater responsibility for the maintenance, cleaning and use of the school facilities, including buying books and learning materials. In the end this should raise the quality of teaching and learning in class.
Schools make their own plans and take their own initiatives to raise the quality of education including involving the local community in the process.
The principals and teachers are able to work more professionally in delivering an education which is more in line with the needs of the students.
The Components of the School Based Management Program
The aim of the program is to raise the quality of learning. The program consists of three components, which are:
School Based Management (SBM)
Community Participation (CP), and
Raising the quality of teaching and learning through Active, Creative, Effective and Joyful Learning, (better known by its Indonesian acronym PAKEM) in the primary school (SD and MI) and Contextual Learning in the Junior Secondary School (SLTP and MTs).
The Activities of the SBM Program
The activities of the SBM program include the following:
Training of a district level team of trainers
Training for school and communities (principals, teachers, community members)
Drawing up School Development Plans and School Budgets by the school and community together
Training for teachers including in-class mentoring
Operational Funding for Schools
SBM needs to be supported by operational funding for schools so that they can implement the plans they and the community have made together. At the moment the funding received by schools in most areas from local government is very small. School receive much more from the School Committee.The amount of funding given directly to schools needs to be raised significantly.
The aim of the SBM program is to raise the quality of learning.
The Impact of SBM on Schools
SBM has created a sense of responsibility through open school management. The principal, teachers and community members have cooperated to make School Development Plans, which they have displayed openly and they have drawn up and displayed transparent budgets on school notice boards.
This openness has raised the level of trust, motivation and level of support from parents and the community. Many schools report a significant rise in the amount of funding from the community to support their schools.
The implementation of PAKEM or Contextual Learning linked to SBM has increased the attendance of children at school, because they enjoy learning.